Subject: CCE - Context & Culture - 2014
Class 03 - Indigenous Art - meaning and creativity
Today we will investigate concepts of creativity relating to Australian Indigenous Art. There are many types of art that fall into this broad category, and the recorded history of creative practice in this culture is very ancient.
Cave Painting (photo by Chris Jule) image from this URL: http://www.treklens.com/gallery/photo103712.htm
Kathleen Petyarre, My Country - Bush Seeds, 2005, from this URL:
There is much debate about whether some forms of Indigenous Art are actually "art" or "craft" or whether there is a blurring between these definitions and the work lies somewhere in between. This discourse is not specific to Indigenous Art, but it is an outstanding example of the problematic nature of creative practice that people are engaging with.
Another important factor to consider is how we in the 21st Century view this art which has very ancient roots. Indigenous Art has a strong relationship to place - the land, the landscape, the natural environment and the people's relationship to these things is an obvious reading and we understand the meaning of certain works to be almost documentations or maps of place, of stories and narratives and the "dreaming" which is the folk lore and mythical history of a culture.
Mary Anne Nampijinpa Michaels, Lappi Lappi Jukurrpa (Lappi Lappi Dreaming), 2011, from this URL: http://asart.com/aboriginal_art/aboriginal_art_michaels1.html
The Aboriginal Memorial, collaborative work, 1998, from this URL: http://nga.gov.au/atsiart/GALLERY.cfm?GALID=1
There is also the factor of time and how the meaning of an artwork can change over time. Indigenous Art is being viewed from different perspectives now - as ancient art-forms, and as modern, contemporary art-forms and this is where a lot of debate is occurring.
Because many indigenous artworks share similar properties or qualities with contemporary art-forms such as Abstract Art, there is a certain audience that appreciates Indigenous Art for its contemporary aesthetic qualities, whereas others revere these art-forms as evidence of a continuum of creative practice that has not changed that much for over 40,000 years - it's a strong link with an ancient past that we all share. There are also newer forms of Indigenous Art that have been influenced by European settlement (and the global information age), and new technologies (canvases, acrylic paint, etc.) are reinterpreting traditional ways of being an artist.
The old Australian One Dollar bill that plagiarised the image on the right by artist David Malangi, from this URL: http://www.creativespirits.info/aboriginalculture/arts/aboriginal-art-authenticity
Shirley Banalanydju, Lungurrma, from URL http://www.bulabula-arts.com/Site/gallery/artworks/lp112.html
If we think about the broad categories I discussed in last week's class notes, you can look at different aspects of Indigenous Art from all of these perspectives:
Tommy Michell, from this URL: http://www.theepochtimes.com/n2/australia/body-land-and-the-dreaming-in-art-of-the-great-sandy-desert-61623.html
Walangkura Napanangka / Women's Ceremony, from this URL: http://www.aboriginal-art-australia.com/p/522367/walangkura-napanangka-womens-ceremony.html
Begin research into Australian Indigenous Art with a focus on the history of creativity and what this means when we view and interpret Indigenous Art. You will need to select one or more artists to focus your essay on. You may find these artists in the Gallery today, or you may choose artists that have work online or in publications.
Your selection is part of the assessment task. Ideally you would select artists that have been written about in books, journal articles, newspapers, online sites of note such as galleries, museums and professional blogs. Remember to consider your sources and their validity and veracity as art critics or commentators. The quality of resources you use to inform you about this topic will affect your interpretation and your end product - so try to find good reference materials!
Here are some online references to get you started, they are by no means an exhaustive list - just a starting point for your own self-guided research.
We will visit the NGV today to view the Indigenous Art exhibit currently on display:
Homework / Readings
Your homework will be to think about creativity in different cultures - perhaps your own cultural history and ethnic background might be a starting place, or another culture that you are interested in and that influences your own creative practice.
Try and find an article online or in a journal or a book chapter that discussed the history of creativity in that culture you have chosen.
Texts On Creativity
Kaufman, J.C. & Sternberg, R (eds), 2006, The International Handbook of Creativity, Cambridge University Press
Sternberg, R (ed), 1999, Handbook of Creativity, Cambridge University Press
Strong, B & Davis, M, 2005, History of Creativity in the Arts, Science and Technology: Pre-1500, Kendall Hunt Publishing
Wikipedia page (useful for some introductory links):